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An ENT specialist with expertise in all aspects of adult and paediatric Otolaryngology and a particular interest in cancer surgery, thyroid and salivary gland surgery, and endoscopic sinus surgery.LEARN MORE
A consultation with Mr Murthy offers patients a full range of ear, nose, throat and head and neck services. The following is a list, which is by no means comprehensive, of some of the conditions that Mr Murthy can provide treatment forLEARN MORE
Mr Murthy will provide an in-depth assessment of the patient’s condition during the consultation. He will request any investigations required and arrange a follow-up visit at the earliest possible opportunity.LEARN MORE
A consultation with Mr Murthy offers patients a full range of ear, nose, throat and head and neck services. The following is a list, which is by no means comprehensive, of some of the conditions that Mr Murthy can provide treatment for:
1. Sound waves as low as 20 Hz, and as high as 20,000 Hz, can be picked up by the human ear.
2. Hearing loss is a threat to everyone, so it is important to care for your ears. We say this because a large percentage of individuals who experience hearing loss are under the age of 65.
3. The inner ear is surprisingly small, as it is no bigger than the circumference of a pencil eraser.
4. Ears are self-cleaning. This means you do not need to clean out your ears. However, excessive ear wax production should be cleaned by a professional.
5. Ear wax protects sensitive ears from dust and dirt.
6. The smallest bones in the body can be found in the middle ear. This is the stapes (also known as the stirrup, anvil, and hammer), the incus, and the malleus.
7. The hardest bone in the human body is the temporal bone.
8. Together, the malleus, incus, and stapes are no bigger than a penny!
9. It can take just one single incident of exposure to loud noise (85 decibels or higher) to damage your hearing permanently.
10. Your outer ear never stops growing throughout your lifetime.
11. Your ability to hear relies upon the tiny hairs that are located deep within the ear. Without these hairs, you wouldn’t be able to hear.
12. The ear contains more than 20,000 hair cells.
13. Sound waves travel at 770 miles per hour, or at 1,130 feet per second.
14. You never stop hearing, even in your sleep! Thankfully, the human brain learns to ignore the sounds so that you can sleep soundly.
15. Ears don’t just help you hear; they also help you keep your balance.
16. Exposure to sounds at 120 decibels can damage your hearing in 7.5 minutes.
17. The middle ear is connected to the throat by the Eustachian tube. The Eustachian tube is responsible for striking the balance between the atmospheric pressure and body pressure.
18. Your ears can affect your sense of taste. This is because of the nerve, chorda tympani, connects your taste buds to your brain by navigating through the middle ear.
19. Every year you get a “new” ear canal, this is from the skin in the ear canal. The skin grows approximately 1.3 inches a year, so it pushes out the old skin. Out with the old, in with the new!
20. Ear wax has been used by anthropologists to study the migratory patterns of humanity.
1. The best air filter in this world is human nose. Human nostrils are lined up with hair responsible for blocking germs and dust. Grooves in nasal cavity make air swirl like stream currents. This is when the inhaled hair is moistened and warmed so that the sensitive tissues of the lungs can be protected. It is during this filtration process that the mucus lining of the nasal cavity captures cold viruses and pollen which cannot be stopped by hair in nostrils.
2. Mucus is produced by human sinuses and nose and it contains white blood cells and enzymes responsible for fighting infections.
3. When someone inhales dry air, the air picks up moisture content from mucus. This makes the mucus pasty, which is known as snot or boogers.
4. Humans are capable of detecting 10,000+ scents. Humans can detect smell with special types of cells known as olfactory nerve cells. There are nearly 12 million olfactory cells present in a normal human. However, this number gradually decreases with age.
5. Olfactory nerves from nose have direct connection with brain. It is because of this that several types of smells can bring memories back.
6. Sense of smell is the only one of the 5 senses in humans which has direct connection with hippocampus – the part of the brain responsible for formation of memory.
7. Humans release pheromones – a type of chemical released only in response to sexual attraction. Nasal grooves in nostrils are sites rich in pheromones. Human nose is capable of detecting pheromones of opposite sex. According to experts, it is the pheromones in nose that led to the birth of smooching or romantic kissing.
1. Because air and food pass through, the throat is considered to be part of the respiratory system and digestive system.
2. Your throat is comprised of a variety of pharyngeal muscles and blood vessels.
3. Located at the back and sides of the mouth, your tonsils and adenoids are lymph nodes that help protect against infection. However, both generally serve little purpose beyond childhood.
4. The larynx houses the vocal cords and helps protect the trachea from food aspiration.
5. The larynx is crucial to breathing and having the ability to speak.
6. The epiglottis works with the larynx to prevent food from entering the windpipe. Instead, together both push food into the esophagus.
7. Located in your throat, the hyoid bone is the only bone in the human body that is not attached to any other.
8. The hyoid bone is only found in Neanderthals and humans.
9. The hyoid bone is considered to be the “foundation of speech” for humans.
10. Parts of the trachea and esophagus that are located beneath the breastbone are not deemed to be parts of the throat.
11. Your throat branches off into two at the bottom. On branch takes air to your lungs, while the other branch takes food to your stomach. .
1. Sinusitis may be acute or chronic.
2. A cold or allergy attack that won’t go away may actually be sinusitis.
3. Irritating environmental pollutants may precipitate a sinus infection.
4. Bacteria can cause an acute bacterial sinus infection.
5. Antibiotics are often effective in treating acute sinusitis.
6. Recurrent or untreated acute sinusitis can lead to chronic sinusitis.
7. Frequent bouts of sinusitis or sinus infections that last three months or more may be chronic sinusitis.
8. Symptoms of chronic sinusitis are facial pain or fullness, nose congestion, persistent inability to smell, post-nasal discharge and headache.
9. Chronic sinusitis is a mechanical problem. Relief of obstruction requires long-term therapy with prescribed oral and/or nasal medication.
10. Endoscopic sinus surgery may also relieve obstruction.
1. The thyroid gland is located in the middle of the lower neck.
2. Although the thyroid gland is relatively small, it produces a hormone that influences every cell, tissue and organ in the body.
3. Hypothyroidism is a condition where the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormone. Symptoms include extreme fatigue, depression, forgetfulness, and some weight gain.
4. Hyperthyroidism, another form of thyroid disease, is a condition causing the gland to produce too much thyroid hormone. Symptoms include irritability, nervousness, muscle weakness, unexplained weight loss, sleep disturbances, vision problems and eye irritation.
5. Graves’ disease is a type of hyperthyroidism; it is an autoimmune disorder that is genetic and estimated to affect one percent of the population.
6. Up to 60 percent of those with thyroid disease are unaware of their condition.
7. Women are five to eight times more likely than men to have thyroid problems.
8. One woman in eight will develop a thyroid disorder during her lifetime.
9. Most thyroid cancers respond to treatment, although a small percentage can be very aggressive.
10. The causes of thyroid problems are largely unknown.
11. Undiagnosed thyroid disease may put patients at risk for certain serious conditions, such as cardiovascular diseases, osteoporosis and infertility.
12. Pregnant women with undiagnosed or inadequately treated hypothyroidism have an increased risk of miscarriage, preterm delivery, and severe developmental problems in their children.
13. Most thyroid diseases are life-long conditions that can be managed with medical attention.
Mr Murthy is an Ear Nose & Throat Consultant and Head and Neck Surgeon practising in Manchester. Since 1999, he has been an ENT doctor based at the BMI Alexandra Hospital, Spire Manchester Hospital and the BMI Highfield Hospital. Mr Prad Murthy's NHS practice as ENT Consultant is carried out at the Pennine Acute NHS Trust and the Christie NHS Foundation Trust. He is a key member of the Greater Manchester and Cheshire Head & Neck Cancer Network.
Mr Murthy is fully accredited as an ENT Surgeon by the Specialist Advisory Committee in Otolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery and was awarded his Certificate of Completion of Specialist Training by the Specialist Training Authority of the Medical Royal Colleges in 1998. He manages a wide spectrum of disorders in both adults and children with special interests in sinonasal conditions, Head & Neck cancer and neck lumps including thyroid swellings.
Mr Murthy is a Sinus Surgeon and treats conditions of chronic sinusitis and allergic rhinitis. Mr Murthy is a fully registered ENT specialist with the General Medical Council of UK (Registration No: 3602450), Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh, Consultant ENT Surgeon member of ENT-UK and member of the British Medical Association and European Thyroid Association.
These pages are designed to provide an overview of the services that Mr Murthy provides as well as additional links for more details about a variety of Ear, Nose and Throat conditions and surgical procedures. Whilst it is fairly informative, the website is not exhaustive in its content and Mr Murthy would welcome written or personal contact to discuss any relevant problems.